Gynecomastia / Breast Reduction For Men PDF Print E-mail


Cyprus Cosmetic Surgery - Cyprus General Surgery - Ophthalmic -Cyprus Dental treatments


Purpose: To, reduce and reshape male 'breasts' surgically to give a more pleasing appearance.  This rarely talked about condition is quite common. One breast or both may be affected. There is usually no known cause though certain drugs and medical problems are suspected. For men who feel self-conscious about their appearance surgery can help.


Cyprus Cosmetic Surgery - Cyprus General Surgery - Ophthalmic -Cyprus Dental treatments


Cyprus Cosmetic Surgery - Cyprus General Surgery - Ophthalmic -Cyprus Dental treatments


Anaesthetic: General
Duration of procedure: 1 to 3 hours
Length of hospital stay: 1 to 2 days

Fat and/or glandular tissue is removed and, in some cases, excess skin to give a flatter, firmer, better-contoured chest. The best patients are men with firm, elastic skin that will readily take on the new contours. The Surgeon may well discourage obese men who have not first attempted exercise and dieting to reduce the fat. Also, individuals who drink alcohol in excess or smoke marijuana are usually not considered suitable for surgery. These drugs, along with anabolic steroids, may cause Gynecomastia so the first thing to try is to stop using them.

Important and specific instructions will be given on how to prepare for surgery, including guidelines on eating, drinking, and taking certain vitamins and medications. Smokers should plan to stop completely for a minimum of one or two weeks before surgery and during recovery. Smoking decreases circulation and interferes with proper healing. The cause of the breast enlargement will be tissue that is primarily glandular or primarily fatty. Fatty tissue can be removed by liposuction alone. A small incision, less than a half-inch long, is made around the edge of the dark skin that surrounds the nipple (the areola) or under the arm. The slim suctioning tube (cannula), attached to a vacuum pump, and is inserted into the incision. Then the surgeon moves the cannula carefully through the layers beneath the skin, breaking up the fat and suctioning it out. Patients may feel a vibration or some friction but generally no pain. Glandular tissue may have to be removed with a scalpel. The incision is made in an inconspicuous location-either on the edge of the dark skin area around the nipple (the areola). Working through the incision, the surgeon removes excess tissue and fat from the breast. These scars are usually very inconspicuous.

Major reductions may require larger incisions that result in longer scars. If liposuction is also used to remove fat, the canola is usually inserted through the existing incisions. Where large amounts of tissue have been removed, the skin may not adjust well to the new smaller chest contour and some skin may have to be removed. Sometimes, a tiny drain is inserted to draw off excess fluids. The closed incisions are usually covered with a dressing and the chest may then be wrapped to keep the skin firmly in place while it heals. Post-surgery discomfort will be controlled by prescription medications. You should arrange to have someone drive you after surgery and to help you out for a day or two if needed. To help reduce the natural swelling and bruising, you will probably be instructed to wear an elastic pressure garment continuously for a week or two, and at night for a few weeks after that. The worst of your swelling will go down in the first few weeks but it may be three months or more before the final results of your surgery become apparent. As a start to getting back to normal you will be encouraged to begin walking about on the day of your surgery, and you can return to work as soon as you feel well enough. This could be as early as a day or two after surgery. Any stitches will be of the dissolving type and so do not need to be removed. Your surgeon may advise you to avoid sex for a week or two, and heavy exercise for about three weeks. You will also be warned to avoid any sport or job that risks a blow to the chest area for at least four weeks. In general, it will take about a month before you will be able to resume all your normal activities. You should avoid exposing your scars to the sun for at least six months. Sunlight can affect the skin's pigmentation, causing the scar to turn dark permanently. If exposure is unavoidable, use a strong sun block.

Results: Gynecomastia surgery can enhance your appearance and so increase your self-confidence. Provided you are being realistic the chances are you will very pleased with the results.


Risks of Gynecomastia Surgery: When this surgery is performed by a qualified plastic surgeon, complications are infrequent and usually minor. Nevertheless, as with any surgery, there are risks.

  • Infection
  • Skin injury
  • Excessive bleeding
  • Adverse reaction to anaesthesia, and excessive fluid loss or accumulation
  • Surgery may also leave noticeable scars
  • Permanent colour changes in the breast area, or slightly mismatched breasts or nipples.
  • Significant asymmetry may be corrected by a second procedure
  • A further, usually temporary, effect is numbness in the breast area which, may last up to a year.

You will be given specific instructions that may include: How to care for the surgical site and drains, medications to apply or take orally to aid healing and reduce the potential for infection, specific concerns to look for at the surgical site or in your general health, and when to follow up with your plastic surgeon.


Cyprus Cosmetic Surgery - Cyprus General Surgery - Ophthalmic -Cyprus Dental treatments

Last Updated ( Wednesday, 26 August 2009 )